Les Grandes Orgues Cavaillé-Coll

Composition

1859 (46 stops)
GREAT POSITIF SWELL PEDAL
14 14 10 8
Montre 16 Bourdon 16 Bourdon 8 Soubasse 32' (4)
Bourdon 16 Montre 8 Fl te harmonique 8 Contrebasse 16
Montre 8 Fl te harmonique 8 Viole de gambe 8 (7) Basse 8 (4)
Flúte harmonique 8 Bourdon 8 Voix céleste 8 Octave 4
Bourdon 8 Viole de gambe 8 *Fl te octaviante 4 *Bombarde 16
Viole de gambe 8 Salicional 8/Unda maris 8 (2) *Octavin 2 *Basson 16
Prestant 4 Prestant 4 *Trompette 8 *Trompette 8
*Octave 4 *Fl te octaviante 4 Basson-Hautbois 8 *Clairon 4
*Quinte 2 2/3 *Quinte 2 2/3 Voix humaine 8  
*Doublette 2 *Doublette 2 *Clairon 4  
*Plein-jeu VII (1) *Plein jeu harmonique III-VI    
*Bombarde 16 *Trompette 8    
*Trompette 8 *Cromorne 8 (3)    
*Clairon 4 *Clairon 4    
* Jeux de combinaisons
Pédales de combinaisons:
Tirasse Grand orgue Anches Grand orgue
Tirasse Positif Anches Positif
Tirasse Récit (5) Anches Récit
Anches Pédale Copula Positif sur Grand orgue
Octaves graves Grand orgue Copula Récit sur Positif
Octaves graves Positif Tremblant Récit
Octaves graves Récit - Positif Expression Récit (6)
Barker machines: Great and Positif
 
(1) There is much debate on the precise compositon of the mixtures. The Plein Jeu of the Great Organ of Cavaillé-Coll (1859) was the result of the merge of the Fourniture IV and Cymbale III (from the plan of 1853), so a 7-rank mixture. But several sources talk about 6 or even 5 ranks. The organ builder Barbéris (who restorated the organ in 1983) reported the presence of a Plein Jeu of 7 ranks, but the 16' rank was suppressed (Jacquet-Langlais, 1995).
(2) Salicional, probably changed in a Unda Maris at the beginning of the XXth century (ref: Rollin Smith, 2002)
(3) later called Clarinette
(4) Soubasse is also named Quitaton; Basse is also named Flûte
(5) Installed by Mutin after the death of César Franck ( between 1898 and 1912), instead of the 'Appel GO' or Pédale d'orage" (according to André Marchal, cited in Jaquet-Langlais, 1995).
(6) originally in the form of a spoon with only three positions, replaced by a 'normal' pedal before 1933
(7) Charles Tournemire (1933): ... the gamba's on the Swell was incomplete: the lower octave was borrowed from another 8 stop! A misery. Yet, we must let it be known that the old organ, while beautiful, was not absolutely perfect! Source: Daniel Lesur Charles Tournemire et l’orgue de Sainte-Clotilde. L'orgue Cahiers et mémoires, 1989-1, nr 41.